Energy Efficient Buildings in Extreme Continental and Sunny Climate (CEBEC)

The massive inflow of population into Mongolian capital city, Ulaanbaatar, now a home to half of the country’s population has been a hotspot for extremely high levels of air pollution for the past two decades. This is due to several causes, one of the most significant being the use of fossil fuels to heat the ger district during the winter times which get -40°C and below. As the raw coal consumption in the city reached 1 million tons in 2018, the negative impact on health of the citizens has increased dramatically. As Mongolian government, non-governmental organizations, and international organizations have undertaken several efforts to alleviate the air pollution situation in Ulaanbaatar, by focusing on fuels and combustion process. But due to poor insulating characteristics of buildings, and especially gers, these resolutions have not yielded success. Even though, improving energy efficiency of the buildings is one part of mitigation air pollution, it has considerable potential in the case of Mongolia. But a core challenge here is the lack of required knowledge and skills in those professionals who are needed at the forefront of combatting the nation’s pressing environmental problems, including scientists, engineers, and policy-makers. Therefore, universities play a key role in this context.

The project aims to build the capacity of Mongolian higher education in the area of environment and engineering via transferring knowledge of European HEI’s, specifically, in the area of energy efficient buildings. The project aims to reach this goal building the capacity of higher education in terms of curricula development and the staff development.

The specific objectives of the project are to:
  1. Develop/revise and enhance new Higher Education programs (Master and Bachelor)/existing courses on Energy Efficient Building and Renewable Energy.
  2. Develop the relevant didactics methods, instructional documents and tools, including possibly digital teaching-learning tools/methods
  3. Support faculty development and establish faculty cooperation and knowledge sharing network amongst the partner HEI’s
  4. Establish faculty/student exchange programs to support internationalization of the partner HEI’s
  5. Develop of laboratory facilities amongst the Partner universities
  6. Develop training programs for engineers already working in the industry

To build the capacity of Mongolian higher education in the area of energy efficient buildings, the project consists of five partner universities, and five main stages. From Mongolian side, with an aim to develop strong higher educational base in the above-mentioned area of study, German-Mongolian Institute for Resources and Technology (GMIT), Mongolian University of Life Sciences (MULS), and Mongolian University of Science and Technology (MUST) are participating. In addition, Lund University from Sweden and Tallinn University from Estonia are collaborating in the project, as these universities have well-established experience on the field of renewable energy and energy efficient buildings.
The project is divided into five main stages with each university having the lead in one of the work packages, as detailed below.
  • Work Package 1: Analysis of Needs Coordinator – MUST
Analysis of needs by surveys together with relevant stakeholders and authorities. Surveys and contacts are used that involves e.g. the syndicate of engineers, construction companies, and real estate owners. This will help to quantify future need for trained specialists in the field and identify specific important areas of interest
  • Work Package 2: Development of courses and Experiment stations Coordinator – Lund University
The development includes structure, admission, courses, graduation requirements, and installation, testing and calibration of the purchased equipment. Courses are included in Masters or Bachelor programs. The courses are developed together with the European partners.
  • Work Package 3: Quality Assurance Plan Coordinator – Tallinn University
Creation of effective operational groups
Student and teacher surveys after finishing each course
  • Work Package 4: Dissemination and Exploitation Coordinator – GMIT
Web-site at each partner university
Information about mobility of some students who can do part of their studies at EU institutions
Dissemination information days at each partner university. Engagement from both EU and the local university.
Demonstration of laboratory training stations at each partner university. 
Development of Dissemination and Exploitation plan
  • Work Package 5: Management and Operational Structures Coordinator – Lund University
A Head Coordinator, a Management Team, an Administrative Team (AT) will manage the project and the Consortium Team, including all partners, will operate the project.

As part of the project goal, GMIT is now offering six new courses along with laboratory equipment related to the field of Energy Efficient Buildings, in order to prepare engineers and scientists that has the knowledge to mitigate air pollution in Mongolia.
  1. Energy Economics and Planning (link to module description). This module introduces students to basic concepts and methods of analysis to understand how the production, distribution and consumption of energy are determined and experienced.
  2. Energy Efficient Buildings (link to module description). This module discusses energy efficiency in existing buildings in terms of energy use, indoor comfort, use, technical and economic feasibility, cultural values, as well as system perspectives such as energy supply and environmental aspects. In addition, energy simulations in buildings, energy efficiency measures for climate and culture specific buildings in Mongolia are studied through this module.
  3. Energy Management and Auditing (link to module description). This module introduces students to know the necessity of conservation of energy, the methods of energy management, the factors to increase the efficiency of electrical equipment, and to detect the benefits of carrying out energy audits.
  4. Energy Storage (link to module description). This module introduces students to the various technologies of energy storage and storage systems, techniques to evaluate various storage systems, calculate and size the components of a storage system. In addition, the module will teach students the use of a universal storage model, independently of the used technology, they can solve various energy storage problems.
  5. Energy Systems (link to module description). This module introduces students to the topics regarding conventional and renewable energy sources, efficiency at the energy supply side, and efficiency of energy usage in industry, at the municipal and domestic level.
  6. Modeling and Analysis of Energy Systems (link to module description). This module introduces students to the dynamic state of electrical power systems, methods and models for analysis of the dynamics, stability and control of an electric power system, the electricity market, connection of intermittent (renewable) sources to the grid, voltage, frequency and small signal stability, and its accessibility and vulnerability by using simulation software.